Top 5 Leading Telecommunication Companies in India by Their Market Share

Top 5 Leading Telecommunication Companies in India by Their Market Share

‌‌Telecommunication companies are companies that enable communication or contacting possible without any physical interactions. Be it by calls through phones or the internet or written, rather typed messages through emails and SMS, the telecom sector has got it all covered at our fingertips.

The means of cables, wires, waves, or even wirelessly telecommunication have ensured global communication. Companies in the telecommunication sector include Internet Service Providers, wired and wireless telephone operators, cable companies, and satellite companies.

Even in around the late 90s, the telecom sector was owned only by big national operators. However, by the end of 2002, the sector started receiving accessibility to privatization. From then onwards, began a new era of this sector in India.

Now, there were multiple telecom companies in India ensuring service to the people. But very few were able to thrive through the competition and get their place fixed in our hearts and the market.

The Indian market of Telecommunication is highly dominated by a few Telecommunication providers. These firms are responsible for providing all types of telecommunication services. Be it Internet service providing or calling. The most Dominating Telecommunication firms in India are:

1. Reliance Jio
2. Bharti Airtel
3. VodafoneIdea
4. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)
5. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)

1. Reliance Jio

Reliance Jio is a subsidiary of Reliance Industries operating in the telecom industry, since 15th February 2007, founded by Mukesh Ambani with its headquarters at Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Jio is the business name for Reliance Infocom Limited.

The company offers multiple services including fixed-line telephone and mobile phones, wireless broadband with internet services, and OTT services. Right now Jio provides 4G and 4G+ services. However, furthermore, it is planning to expand its services to 5G and 6G.

According to the reports of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Reliance Jio is the telecom company that has the highest market share in terms of being a wireless service provider. It has held 35% of the market share among the rest of the other companies. However, in the last year, it has lost around 9.3 million subscribers.

2. Bharti Airtel

Bharti Airtel Limited, operating under the business name of Airtel, is a public company, in the telecommunication sector. It was founded by Sunil Bharti Mittal on 7th July 1995. It is headquartered at Nelson Mandela Road, New Delhi, India.

Airtel is also known to offer different services such as Fixed line Telephones, Mobile Phones, Broadband, Satellite Television, Payment Bank, Digital Television, Internet television, and IPTV. Its revenue as of 2021 is 101,258 Crore INR.

Airtel is known for providing 2G, 3G, 4G LTE, and 4G+ services. According to TRAI reports, Airtel has a 31.56% market share in the telecommunication sector. In the last year, it has gained around 7,10,000 new users.

Market Share of Telecommunication Companies in India
Market Share of Telecommunication Companies in India

3. Vodafone Idea

Vodafone Idea Limited also known as VI is a joint venture of Idea and Vodafone as the name suggests. It was founded in the year 2018 when two major telecommunication companies decided to merge their businesses with their headquarters in Mumbai and Gandhinagar respectively.

The telecom company deals with products like mobile Telephony, wireless broadband, and internet service. However, the company has seen a great increment since 31st October 2021.

The company was recorded to achieve a total of 269.03 million subscribers giving it the rank of the third largest telecommunication company in India after Jio and Airtel. VI’s faction of market share is 23.15% of the total market share of telecommunication companies in India.

4. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL)

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) is a telecommunication company owned by the ministry of communication, the Government of India.  It is a statutory corporation founded in the year 2000, with its headquarters in New Delhi.

It serves in the spheres of Fixed-line telephones, Mobile phones, broadband, internet television, and IPTV. As of June 2021, the percentage of market share owned by BSNL is 10.25% wireless and wired combined.

5. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL)

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited or MTNL previously known as Bombay Telephone Limited is a subsidiary of BSNL owned by the ministry of communication, the government of India.

MTNL works and provides services in the fields of mobile telephony, fixed-line telephony, digital television, wired and wireless broadband, and IPTV. As per reports of 2021, combining wired and wireless services MTNL only has 0.29% of the market share of the telecommunication sector.


The Indian Telecom sector is way ahead in the present time as of a few years back. India is considered the second-largest telecommunication market in the world. It has its shares of different firms involved in it. Irrespective of the number of firms working in the telecom sector, the Indian telecom industry is highly dominated by few telecommunication providers.

Those firms are only responsible for having a maximum market share and customer base. The firms dominating the telecom sector are Reliance Jio, Vodafone Idea (Vi), BSNL, TATA Teleservices, and MTNL. The basic information about them is shared in the above context.


What is meant by telecommunication?

The term telecommunication stands for the transfer of information through different mediums such as wire, radio, or any other electromagnetic system.

Which firms provide telecommunication systems in India?

Firms like MTNL, Jio Reliance, Vodafone Idea, etc. are known to provide telecommunication services in India.

What is the estimated revenue of the telecom industry in India?

The estimated gross revenue for Telecom Industry in India is about ₹160,814 crore in 2019.

What is the count of the total subscriber base in India for the telecommunication industry?

The total subscriber base count for the telecommunication industry in India is around 1,183.49 million, calculated in January 2021.

Which firm is the largest telecommunication firm in India?

According to the market share data, the biggest telecommunication firm in India is Jio Reliance.

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